Criminology is a multidisciplinary science that is dedicated to the study of crime, both its causes and its consequences. Although throughout history a small part of society has been dedicated to committing crimes, as a consequence of technological development, new forms of crime have emerged that did not exist before. This is because nowadays, a large part of our properties are no longer physical, but virtual, such as the money we have in our bank account, or other sensitive data that is stored in the cloud. In addition, in this new virtual environment, identifying criminals is much more complex. Aware of the problem that this poses for the security of society in general, governments have developed cybersecurity departments within the Ministries of Defense in order to prevent possible cyber attacks.
The Cybercriminologist is the professional who is responsible for analyzing everything that happens around any criminal phenomenon, as well as its causes and consequences, especially related to the computer world. One of their main tasks is to study the behavior of the person who commits the crime, in order to try to understand what motivations they had to carry it out. For this, they must have knowledge of behavioral psychology and sociology. They must also have knowledge of technology and cybersecurity, since in recent years the Internet has become the channel where the highest number of crimes are committed.
The level of crime increases every year in Spain. From 2013 to 2018, the number of crimes committed in Spain grew from 250,000 to 325,000, according to data from the National Institute of Statistics, which represents an increase of 30% in just 5 years. This is largely due to the increase in the use of the Internet and mobile devices in our daily lives, and therefore, the cybersecurity market has been growing in recent years. According to Statista, the computer security market will reach $248 billion by 2023. Computer giants like Microsoft have created specialized divisions in cybersecurity, giving rise to tools that use Artificial Intelligence to reduce the number of cybercrimes. Official data from the National Institute of Statistics indicate that criminology is a profession with high demand, ranking within the top 25 professional sectors in terms of employability, with an unemployment rate lower than the general average.
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